Glaucoma, Diabetes, Cataracts
Most people are unaware of the many ailments that may occur in the eyes. For example, glaucoma, a disease caused by increased pressure in the eye, typically causes no pain or symptoms, until noticeable vision loss occurs.
For diabetic patients, changes in the eyes can happen long before your vision is affected. For example, diabetes can cause small blood vessel leaks or bleeding in the eye, as well as swelling of the macula (the most sensitive part of the retina), which can lead to vision loss. It’s estimated that one-third of Americans who have diabetes don’t know it; your eye doctor may detect the disease before your primary care physician does, especially if you’re overdue for a physical. The American Diabetes Association urges diabetics to have a dilated retinal eye exam every year.
For those developing a cataract it is possible to have decreased vision that may affect your quality of life. This can include difficulty driving at night,trouble reading, sensitivity to light and glare, and halos around lights. With our specialized equipment and technology our doctors are able to thoroughly examine your eyes and rule out these and many other sight threatening conditions.
Some of the medical tests you may have done during your exam include:
Visual Field Test
This test allows our doctors to assess your entire field of vision. It can detect if you may have issues seeing at the periphery of your field of vision and any other odd patterns that may indicate the risk of certain diseases.
A retinal examination — sometimes called ophthalmoscopy or funduscopy — allows your eye doctor to assess the back of your eye, including the retina, the optic disk and the underlying layer of blood vessels that nourish the retina. This test allows your eye doctor confirm that this part of your eye is not encountering any issues or is in need of corrective steps. Our doctors can evaluate the retina by dilating the pupils and/or using a highly specialized camera called an optomap to capture an image of the retina.
Tonometry (Screening for Glaucoma)
By measuring the fluid pressure inside your eye, your eye doctor can detect glaucoma, a disease that damages the optic nerve. If your eye pressure is higher than average or your optic nerve looks unusual, your doctor may use a pachymeter. This instrument uses sound waves to measure the thickness of your cornea. The most common way of measuring corneal thickness is to put an anesthetic drop in your eye, then place a small probe in contact with the front surface of the eye. The measurement takes seconds. You may need more-specialized tests, depending on your age, medical history and risk of developing eye disease.